Posted by on March 19, 2019

What are the Stages of Chronic Kidney Diseases?

Chronic Kidney Disease is one of the most common kidney problem found in people all around the world. In India, over 1 million people suffer from chronic kidney diseases every year. Chronic kidney disease means lasting damage to the kidneys which can get worse over time and kidneys may cease to function. If the problem gets out of control, then a person might need dialysis or kidney transplant in order to live. There are various causes behind a person suffering from chronic kidney diseases such as premature birth, a family history of kidney disease, age, trauma, accident, diabetes, high blood pressure, and many more.

There are a total of five kidney failure stages based on how well a person’s kidney is working. It is difficult to identify this disease with symptoms alone, so it’s important that a person goes through a test called Glomerular Filtration Rate( GFR) to identify how well a person’s kidneys are removing waste and extra fluid from the body. The higher the number of GFR, the healthier the kidneys are. Chronic kidney disease progresses over the years, so it’s a blessing if the disease is diagnosed at an early stage as it can be cured with proper treatment and some lifestyle changes. Ayurveda and Naturopathy treatments are one of the best options for curing kidney diseases at an early stage and making life easier living with the disease at later stages.

Let’s discuss the five kidney failure stages in detail to understand this disease better-

  • Stage 1 (GFR 90 or higher)

In this stage of Chronic Kidney Disease, the GFR is higher than 90 and there is some protein found in the urine. Some possible signs and symptoms of stage 1 chronic kidney disease are high blood pressure, swelling in legs, urinary tract infection, and abnormal urine test. It is good to know about the disease at this stage as some minor dietary changes, proper treatment, and adapting the naturopathic lifestyle can cure the person.

  • Stage 2 ( GFR 60- 89)

In the second stage of chronic kidney disease, there is a minor loss of kidney function and the Glomerular Filtration Rate( GFR) falls between 60 to 89. Some of the common symptoms of stage 2 kidney disease are higher creatinine in the blood, blood or protein in the urine, and a history of polycystic kidney disease. A person can lead a normal lifestyle at stage 2 kidney disease by taking some minor cautionary steps such as eating a healthy diet, keeping blood pressure at a healthy level, keeping diabetes in control, getting proper treatment, exercising regularly, practicing yoga and meditation, getting naturopathy therapies, and many more.

  • Stage 3 ( GFR 30- 59)

In stage 3(a) chronic kidney disease, a person suffers from mild to moderate loss of kidney function and has a GFR level between 59 to 45, on the other hand, in stage 3(b) chronic kidney diseases a person has moderate to severe loss of kidney function and has a GFR level between 44 to 30. Some of the common signs and symptoms of stage 3 disease are bone pain, low blood count, malnutrition, fatigue, numbness or tingling, and decreased mental sharpness. It is extremely important for a person to get proper treatment on time. Curing kidney disease through naturopathy at stage 3 is also a feasible option as it provides the patient with necessary treatment, dietary change, lifestyle changes, and therapies.

  • Stage 4 (GFR 15- 29)

Stage 4 is the last stage before complete kidney failure. A person suffers severe loss of kidney function and a GFR between 15 to 29 in this stage. Some of the common symptoms are anemia, jaundice, decreased appetite, and bone disease. Getting proper medical treatment, dietary changes, and exercising regularly is important for this stage of kidney disease. The doctor might also recommend on-going dialysis and kidney transplant in the near future.

  • Stage 5 (GFR Less than 15)

Stage 5 is the final end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in which the patient will get medical treatment and on-going dialysis for whole life. It is important for the patient to make lifestyle changes, dietary changes, exercise regularly, start yoga and meditation, and receive naturopathy therapies to cope with the disease. If a person finds a suitable donor then a kidney transplant is also a possible option.

Curing kidney disease through naturopathy is an option that many people choose as it helps them lead a healthier and better lifestyle even while living with the disease.

Having a kidney disease can turn anyone’s life upside down but it helps to have some knowledge of the disease before you start the treatment. International kidney day is just around the corner and on this day, let’s spread awareness about chronic kidney disease, its causes, symptoms, stages, and how a person can cope with it.

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